RECORD INCOME TAX COLLECTION FOR FINANICIAL YEAR 2017-18: Income Tax collection for the financial year 2017-18 has touched new heights. The Income Tax collection for FY 2017-18 stood at 10.03 lakh crore with a record number of 6.92 crore I-T returns. During FY 2016-17 there were 5.61 crore IT Returns, a growth rate of almost 24%. The data show that net Direct Tax collections are 17.1% higher than the net collections for FY 2016-17.
WRONG REPORTING HIDES SMALL BUSINESS LOANS WORTH Rs 10 LAKH CRORE: According to a report by Boston Consulting Group (BCG) on behalf of IBA and FICCI, the size of Micro Small & Medium Enterprises (MSME) market is around 25 lakh crore. The report splits the borrowings by MSMEs into two categories—Rs 15 lakh crore availed in the name of the business entity and Rs 10 lakh crore in the name of the proprietor. This portion of Rs 10 lakh crore is mis-reported as personal advances made to their proprietors. These loans which are mostly financed by MNC Banks, Private Sector Banks and NBFC’s are sometimes backed by gold and property or sometimes clean loans as well depending on the credit history of the borrower. Most of the loans are availed in the name of the proprietor and family and then channelled to support the business needs.
NO ATM TO BE REPLENISHED WITH CASH AFTER 9 pm FROM NEXT YEAR: as per the directive of Home Ministry, no ATMs will be replenished with cash after 9 pm in urban areas and 6 pm in rural areas. In a notification, the Home Ministry said the new Standard Operating Procedures (SOPs) would come into effect from February 2019.
AFFORDABLE HOUSING RACING AHEAD IN REALITY SECTOR: With government allotting subsidies for economically weaker sections for low cost housing schemes, the developers have focussed more on affordable housing schemes. The total residential sales in low cost housing has gone up to 21% from just 8% three years ago. Affordable housing has become the fastest growing segment in Indian reality market with maximum new launches. One in every five houses sold in India now costs less than Rs 25 lakhs.
BANKS SHARE IN MSME FINANCING REDUCING OVER THE YEARS: The share of credit financed by banks to Micro, Small & Medium Enterprises (MSMEs) has declined since 2016. This share is being taken up by Non-Banking Financial Companies (NBFCs). The share of credit financed by NBFCs to MSMEs has nearly doubled to 10%. NBFCs with their rigorous marketing and increased risk taking capacity will continue to eat the market share from banks in future as well.
RBI ASKS RATING AGENCIES TO SCAN COMPANIES’ BANK ACCOUNT DETAILS: The Reserve Bank of India has directed rating firms to scan bank account details (capturing the flow of funds in and out of the Company) in assessing its capacity or ability to repay loans. There would be resistance from companies as most of the companies will be reluctant to part with such information. Such information is only shared with external agencies only when the banks or the regulatory body order a forensic audit. A rating agency, when it tracks such data on money flows could be in a position to identify possible diversion of funds through subsidiary shell companies.
TOP INDIAN TALENT RETURNING TO JOIN DOMESTIC INVESTMENT BANKS: The appeal of plum jobs at foreign banks is fading away as domestic outfits are becoming more attractive with the promise of expanding opportunities. More than three dozen top Indian executives have moved to domestic investment banks in the last one year. There is an increased inclination to work with domestic investment banks. Indian Investment banks have also stitched up strategic alliances with foreign groups to offer full service to its clients and hence the overall investment banking activity has improved in India over the last three years in terms of fees and revenue.
SEBI MAY MAKE SUBMISSION OF NET WORTH STATEMENT COMPULSORY FOR RETAIL INVESTORS: On a recommendation by the committee on fair market conduct headed by former Law Secretary Mr. Vishwanathan, Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) may soon ask retail investors to submit a Net-Worth statement to their brokers. The aim is to keep a check on Retail Investors’ trading limits. This is as per a news report by Business Line.
INDIRECT TAX BASE INCREASES BY 65% SINCE GST ROLL-OUT: Since the roll-out of GST in July 2017, the Indirect Tax base has expanded by 65% to 1.6 million in a year. Under the previous tax regime it was 7 million. The number of people filing Income Tax (Direct Tax) has also increased to 67.50 million compared to 40 million in 2013-14, which is a rise of 68%.
FINANCE MINISTRY SEEKS A CLEAR DIVIDEND POLICY FROM RBI: The Finance Ministry has asked the Reserve Bank of India to review its dividend and capital conservation rules. The government wants a clear policy on the pay-outs it gets from RBI. These matters were discussed during a meeting between Finance Ministry officials and RBI Deputy Governors.
BANKS TO COME OUT OF PCA FRAMEWORK BY THIS YEAR END: Financial Services Secretary Mr. Rajiv Kumar has expressed that the banks would come out of Prompt Corrective Action (PCA) framework by the end of this fiscal. As many as 11 banks are under PCA. Of these, Dena Bank and Allahabad Bank are facing restriction on expansion of business. Noting that Public Sector banks are growth engines, Mr. Kumar said that Banks have made a recovery of Rs 36,551 of bad loans during the first quarter, registering a growth of 49% over the last fiscal.
COSMOS BANK’S SERVER HACKED, Rs.94 CRORE SIPHONED OFF IN 2 DAYS: Hackers managed to siphon off over Rs.94 crore through a malware attack on the server of Pune-based Cosmos Bank by cloning thousands of bank’s ATM cards over a period of two days. In two days around 91 crores were withdrawn from various ATMs in 28 countries and another Rs.2.5 crore were taken out in India.
RBI LENS ON 200 BAD-LOAN ACCOUNTS: The Reserve bank of India has started examining about 200 bad-loan accounts from as far as 2011 onwards as part of its annual inspection of bank books to rule out any nasty surprises in bankruptcy court or subsequent to debt resolution. These include the accounts of Videocon, Essar Steel, ABG Shipyard, Bhushan Steel etc. RBI is looking at repayment history, classifications, provisions and debt restructuring among other things to ensure that all procedures were correctly followed.
88% OF RURAL HOUSEHOLDS HAVE SAVINGS ACCOUNTS: As per a survey conducted by NABARD, The Financial Inclusion drive has resulted in increasing of bank accounts in rural areas with 88% of rural households having savings accounts. Incidence of Indebtedness (IOI), which is a proportion of households having outstanding debt on the date of the survey, was 52.5% and 42.8% for agricultural and non-agricultural households respectively. Similarly about 26% of agricultural households and 25% of non-agricultural households were found to have been covered under insurance. 20.1% agricultural households and 18.9% of non-agricultural households have subscribed to pension schemes.
SBI POSTS Rs. 4,876 CRORE LOSS IN THE FIRST QUARTER OF FY’18-19: State Bank of India has reported net loss of Rs. 4,876 crore for the quarter ended June 2018. This is due to fresh slippage of Rs. 26,249 crore in the Non-Performing Asset (NPA) category for which the bank had to keep provisions. The profits were also hit by large depreciation in the value of its bond portfolio following an increase in interest rates.
BANKS COLLECTED Rs. 5,000 CRORE FROM CUSTOMERS FOR NOT MAINTAINING MINIMUM BALANCE IN FY’ 17-18: As many as 21 Public Sector Banks and 3 private banks collected around Rs. 5,000 crore as penalties from customers’ for not maintain minimum balance in their accounts in 2017-18. State Bank of India, who suffered a staggering net loss in this period, was the highest grosser in penalising its customers.
OVER 2,00,000 “NON-FILERS” FILED ITR IN FY’18 : As many as 2,00,000 “non-filers” have filed their Income Tax Returns in last fiscal. I-T department had issued notices to 3,04.000 individuals who had deposited cash of more than Rs 1 million in their respective accounts post demonetization but had not filed returns before the due date. As a result returns were filed by 2,09,000 persons and have paid self-assessment tax of Rs 64.16 billion. This was told by Minister of State for Finance Mr. Shiv Pratap Shukla in Rajya Sabha.
RBI CANCELS LICENCES OF 368 NBFCs IN 2018: The Reserve Bank of India has cancelled licences of 368 Non-Banking Financial Companies (NBFCs) in six months ended June 20018 for failing to meet regulatory norms. The move is being seen as an attempt to clean up the sector, which has more than 11,402 NBFCs of which 222 are non-deposit taking NBFCs. Industry experts say that majority of the licences thus cancelled belong to NBFCs which had failed to meet RBI’s requirement of net owned fund of Rs. 2 crore.
PNB IN TALKS WITH GOVERNMENT DEPARTMENTS TO SELL ITS HQ: Punjab National Bank (PNB) is in negotiation with a few of government departments, including Income tax and central excise, to sell its headquarters situated at Bhikaji Cama Place in New Delhi. The bank is going for second round of valuation of the property due to high demand. The bank expects to raise nearly Rs. 700-800 crore from the sale of its earlier head office in New Delhi. The bank has set a target of Rs.8,600 crore from sale of its non-core assets in FY 18-19.
SBI LAUNCHES “MOPAD”: State Bank of India has launched a payments machine called “MOPAD” (Multi Option Payment Acceptance Device) that would help merchants eliminate the multiple choices that they keep to facilitate transactions from cards to QR code based payments. MOPAD is a Point Of Sale (POS) terminal that would accept payments from cards, UPI, Bharat QR, and SBI Buddy wallet which till now required different modes of tools to receive payments.
RBI DECLARES Rs. 50,000 CRORE DEVIDEND FOR 2017-18: The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) has announced the transfer of Rs. 50,000 crore to the centre from its 2017-18 surplus. The amount included Rs. 10,000 crore transferred as an interim dividend to aid the Centre’s efforts to control the FY18 fiscal deficit.
10 PSU BANKS WILL BE HEADLESS BY THIS MONTH END: Seven Public Sector banks are already functioning without their Chiefs and the term of three more bank CEOs will end this month end, making it 10 banks without CEOs. This has created a huge void in state-run banks, that too at this time when most of the banks are grappling with bad loans and are in a bad shape.
INCOME TAX RETURN FILING DEADLINE EXTENDED TO AUGUST 31: The Finance Ministry has announced the extension of Income Tax Return (ITR) filing deadline by a month to August 31ST Until last assessment year there was no penalty for delayed filing of ITR. But from Assessment Year 2018-19 there is a penalty of Rs 5,000/- for delayed filing of ITR till December 2018 and thereafter Rs 10,000/- If Total Income is less than Rs.5 lakhs then the penalty is Rs.1,000/- only.
MULTI YEAR THIRD PARTY INSURANCE FOR VEHICLES: Last week Supreme Court gave a decision to have mandatory multi years third party insurance of two years for cars and five-years for two wheelers. This may lead to inflation adjusted pricing due to which consumers may have to shell out at least 10-12% more for their multi-year third party motor insurance.
RBI RAISES REPO RATE BY 25 BASIS POINTS: The Reserve bank of India has raised the repo rate by 25 basis points (bps) to 6.5%. The bank lending rates may be hiked because of this in future. This is the second hike by RBI during this financial year. Loan rates have been going up for the past few months as banks are looking to protect their margins. With deposits growing up steadily there is a need for banks to increase the deposit interest rates as well.
INDIA POST PAYMENTS BANK TO START OPERATIONS SOON WITH 650 BRANCHES: India Post Payments Bank (IPPB) is expected to go live with 650 branches across India with around 17 crore accounts by August 2018. RBI has given its approval to IPPB after testing its entire system. The final approval for the launch is pending before RBI. IPPB is the third entity to receive payments bank permit after Airtel and Paytm.
PUBLIC SECTOR BANKS PLAN TO LINK PAY WITH PERFORMANCE: Senior Management staff of Public Sector Banks (PSBs) may now have to perform to earn more. In a first of its kind move for PSBs, SBI, Punjab National bank and Bank of Baroda are planning to introduce performance-linked pay. It will have a component of fixed and variable pay. But this will take time to evolve. Performance-linked pay is widely used in private sector to reward the better performers in the organisation.
RBI INSTRUCTS PAYTM PAYMENTS BANK TO STOP OPENING FRESH ACCOUNTS: The Reserve Bank of India has instructed Paytm Payments Bank (PPB) to stop opening fresh accounts till all the concerns it has raised against the PPB are solved. Firstly RBI has asked PPB to go for a physical verification of Know-Your-Customer (KYC) process instead of e-KYC for adding new customers. RBI is also not in agreement with the close relations between PPB and Paytm’s parent body One97 Communications, which has been giving away cash backs and other promotional offers to PPB account holders.
ICICI BANK WARNS OF RISK TO REPUTATION IN REPORT TO SEC: ICICI bank has warned its domestic and international shareholders that the bank faces reputation risk and regulatory action. It has highlighted the on-going investigations into the allegations relating to its CEO Ms Chanda Kochar as risk factor. The bank has filed its Annual Report both for Indian and international investors. The balance sheet was filed with the Securities Exchange Commission (SEC) to comply with the listing requirements for bank’s American depository receipts (ADRs).